Main aim of the research was the ethnographic study of settlements with complex thematics, methods and approach.
The program no. OTKA TO48831 composed two basic aims:
1. Present research on social characteristics, material and spiritual cultures of near-Balaton settlements.
2. Study and analysis of the historical, social and cultural backgrounds of contemporary phenomena.
János Jankó started to study the ethnography of Balaton-side in 1893 for the request of Hungarian Geologist Society's Balaton Comittee. He spent 240 days at 50 settlements (possessing water rights at the time), then summarized his results in about 430 pages. The volume, ever since being the fundamental work for ethnographic researches about Lake Balaton, was published in 1902 (the year of Jankó's death). It was published as a part of the book series: Results of Scientific Studies of Lake Balaton.
János Jankó's main topics:
- Municipalities of Lake Balaton shore
- Elements of population
- Housing culture, architecture
- Agriculture (vine and winery)
- Folk customs etc.
Following Jankó's work, within the consideration of today's conditions we focused on the following topics:
- Setllements of Lake Balaton (surveys in each of the settlements)
- Toponyms, vineyard names
- Family stories
- Changes of streets, unique buildings, arts of public areas
- Agriculture, vine and winery
- Festivals, events
- Tourism, catering, locals and tourists
Leader of the research: Dr. Gráfik, Imre
Leader of the research group: Schleicher, Vera
Central institution of the research: VEAB Ethnographic Work-Committee
Related institutions: Balaton Museum, Local Historical Museum of Marcali, Hungarian National Archives, Museum Directorate of Veszprém County
The processing of the interviews, photographs and other information are ongoing. The database created during the research and other information can be found at www.balatonkutatas.hu.
As the ethnographic researcher of Balaton Museum I coordinated the research around Keszthely and Badacsony. My main subjects were vine and winery, tourism and religion.